COVID-19 commonly known as Coronavirus, is an infectious disease. It occurs due to a newly discovered virus that belongs to the family of coronaviruses. According to researchers, it is a natural mutation of viruses that affect the respiratory system of humans.

Due to this infectious disease most people experience mild to moderate respiratory illness. Most of the people infected with this virus recover themselves without any special medical treatment. This disease can severely harm Old age people and also those who are suffering from medical problems like diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.

The whole world is concerned at this time about the COVID-19 outbreak.  WHO is continuously updating people about the symptoms and prevention of this pandemic. Search is continuing on many medicines for the treatment or prevention of this disease, but no success has been achieved yet. I hope some medicine or vaccine will be made soon.

Now till the treatment of the disease is found, then we will have to follow some rules that the World Health Organization has suggested to us to avoid and spread this disease. WHO has suggested people to maintain social distancing to avoid the spread of COVID-19.

The coronavirus outbreak came to light on December 31, 2019 when China informed the World Health Organisation of a cluster of cases of pneumonia of an unknown cause in Wuhan City in Hubei Province. Subsequently the disease spread to more Provinces in China, and to the rest of the world. 

The WHO has now declared it a pandemic and released some guidelines for covid 19. The virus has been named SARS-CoV-2 and the disease is now called COVID-19.

Covid-19 world data 

Since 31 December 2019 and as of 16 July 2020, 13 530 628 cases of COVID-19 (in accordance with the applied case definitions and testing strategies in the affected countries) have been reported, including 583 892 deaths.

Covid-19 symptoms

Doctors are learning new things about this virus every day. So far, we know that COVID-19 may not initially cause any symptoms for some people.

You may carry the virus for 2 days or up to 2 weeks before you notice symptoms.

Some common covid 19 symptoms include:

  • shortness of breath
  • a cough that gets more severe over time
  • a low-grade fever that gradually increases in temperature
  • fatigue

Less common symptoms include:

  • chills
  • repeated shaking with chills
  • sore throat
  • headache
  • muscle aches and pains
  • loss of taste
  • loss of smell

These symptoms may become more severe in some people. Call emergency medical services if you or someone you care for have any of the following symptoms:

  • trouble breathing
  • blue lips or face
  • persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • confusion
  • excessive drowsiness

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is still investigating the full list of symptoms.

Due to this pandemic some people show the symptoms of Anxiety disorder. Let us talk about Anxiety Disorder.

Anxiety Definition

It’s natural to worry during stressful times. But some people feel tense and anxious day after day, even with little to worry about. When this lasts for 6 months or longer, it may be a generalized anxiety disorder. Many people don’t know they have it. So they may miss out on treatments that lead to a better, happier life.

ADHD Definition

It is common for children to be highly active, especially at younger ages. In most cases, this is normal behavior and they will gradually grow out of it. However, for some children, there could be an underlying difficulty, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Core symptoms of ADHD are difficulty concentrating, hyperactivity, and acting impulsively (such as doing things without thinking through the consequences). Some children may present difficulties with one or more of these core symptoms.

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder and refers to a pattern of behavior that affects a child in most situations, is evident from an early age, and can persist into adolescence and adulthood. The condition often becomes apparent when a child starts school and teachers may notice that a child finds it hard to sit still, struggles to pay attention, or blurts out answers in class.

ADHD can have a big impact on the school, peer relationships, self-esteem, and family life without appropriate treatment.

What causes ADHD? 

There are many theories about what causes ADHD.

It tends to run in families suggesting a genetic risk. However, the inheritance is likely to be complex and there is no one gene that causes ADHD.

There are also likely to be environmental factors that increase the risk of a child developing ADHD if they have a genetic predisposition.

There may also be structural brain differences or differences in the actions of certain chemicals in the brain (neurotransmitters).

Previous theories about diet causing hyperactivity are not supported by recent research. However maintaining a balanced diet, good nutrition and exercise is important.

Boys are more likely than girls to be diagnosed with ADHD. However, it is thought that girls may be underrepresented in referrals to ADHD services and ADHD can go unrecognized in girls. There are several possible reasons for why this might be. One theory is that girls tend to present with more inattentive symptoms than hyperactivity (although not always the case) and therefore are not noticed or seen as a problem. The impact of ADHD on girls, however, particularly if ADHD is missed, can be significant. 

Without appropriate treatment, young people with ADHD are at increased risk of developing anti-social behavior, learning and social difficulties, and emotional difficulties.

What is Anxiety Disorder?

People who have a generalized anxiety disorder may also develop depression, alcoholism, or drug addiction. It’s also common for people with GAD to have another anxiety disorder. These can include panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and social phobia.

People with panic disorder have sudden attacks of terror. Symptoms can include a pounding heart, sweating, dizziness, nausea, or chest pain. You may think you’re having a heart attack, dying, or losing your mind. It’s one of the most treatable of all anxiety disorders.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

These are the most common types of anxiety disorders.

Generalized anxiety disorder

People with generalized anxiety disorder worry much of the time about all sorts of everyday things – to do with work, finances, health or family for example. They worry something terrible might happen, even if there’s no real reason to think so.

They can’t stop feeling anxious, even though it’s affecting their life.

For example, they might not want to drive a car because they’re worried about having an accident.

They often ask for reassurance that the terrible things they fear won’t happen.

People with generalized anxiety disorder don’t sleep well and often complain of headaches and muscle tension in their necks and shoulders.

Social anxiety disorder

Someone with a social anxiety disorder worries about other people noticing their anxiety and thinking less of them because of it.

Being the center of attention is a problem for them.

For example, they might feel anxious about:

  • meeting new people
  • speaking or performing in front of other people
  • going to meetings or parties
  • catching public transport
  • being watched while eating or drinking.

They worry that they might do something embarrassing, or that other people might notice that they’re anxious. They will avoid situations where other people could notice their anxiety.

Normal shyness isn’t social anxiety disorder.

Panic disorder

Someone with a panic disorder has repeated panic attacks, which seem to happen for no particular reason, and then they worry a lot about having more panic attacks.

A panic attack is a sudden surge of fear or anxiety in situations where others would not be afraid.

Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is when someone is very fearful about certain situations because they’re afraid that they might have a panic attack, or something awful might happen to them. They then go out of their way to avoid these situations.

Someone with agoraphobia would be very anxious about:

  • using buses, trains, trams, or planes
  • being in open spaces (car parks, bridges, parks)
  • being in enclosed places (shopping centers, cinemas)
  • being in a crowd.

Specific phobia

If someone is very fearful of one particular thing or situation, they might have a specific phobia.

People can have phobias about things such as:

  • animals – for example spiders or dogs
  • flying in airplanes
  • heights
  • getting an injection.

The fear is usually out of proportion to the actual danger and can cause problems with people’s day-to-day lives. For example, someone might refuse to go for a walk in the park because they’re worried about dogs.

Anxiety Treatment

There’s no lab test, so the diagnosis is based on your description of your symptoms. Your doctor may ask, What do you worry about? How often? Does your anxiety interfere with any activities? It may be generalized anxiety disorder if you have felt anxious or worried too much for at least 6 months.

Psychotherapy

One kind of talk therapy is very effective in treating anxiety. It’s called cognitive behavioral therapy. A counselor helps you identify your negative thoughts and actions. You may do homework, such as writing down the thoughts that lead to excess worry. You will also learn how to calm yourself.

Anti-Anxiety Medicine

Medicines may be part of your treatment plan. Some newer antidepressant drugs work well to lower anxiety. It may take about 4 weeks to feel better. Your doctor might prescribe a benzodiazepine during this time or for a short while. Some of these drugs carry a risk of dependence. Sometimes, older types of antidepressants can treat generalized anxiety disorder if your symptoms include depression or panic. Talk with your doctor about the pros and cons.

Taking Care of Yourself A few simple changes can help. Avoid caffeine, illegal drugs, and even some cold medicines, which can boost anxiety symptoms. Try to get enough rest and eat healthy foods. Use relaxation techniques, such as meditation. Also, exercise! Research shows that moderate physical activity (like a brisk walk) can be calming.

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